Chapultepec is one of the most important landmarks in Mexico City. It means the Grasshopper Hill in the ancient Nahuatl tongue and it has been the home of Nezahualcoyotl (one of the most respectful poets and arquitects of the ancient world) , Maximilian of Habsburg (Mexico's emperor who came from Austria), Porfirio Díaz ( a president who governed Mexico for almost 3 decades), amongst other historical figures.
The construction of the castle began in 1785, by the orders of the spanish crown who governed Mexico in those days. It served as the General Archive for the Kingdom of the New Spain.
It was abandoned during the independance war against Spain in 1810. However, in 1833 it became the headquarters of the Military College.